It is apparent that the problem of finding credible sources of sedimentary rocks for North America alone staggers the imagination. When one reflects upon the task of finding sources of sediments for both inland and coastal areas of Alaska, Siberia, Scandinavia, China, Malaya, Indonesia, India, Europe, Africa, Australia, South America, Antarctica, etc., the problem assumes impossible proportions.
The foregoing criticisms of the theory that all sedimentary rocks were derived from older igneous rocks are not intended to deny that igneous rocks where exposed have been weathered and eroded. Neither do the criticisms deny that crustal materials have been worked and reworked through the ages. Finally, they do not deny that some areas of land have sunk and others have risen. Such isostatic adjustments must continue so long as rocks disintegrate and rivers carry their immeasurable burdens to the sea. Adjustments must continue so long as conservation of energy remains a universal law. The criticisms are intended only to point out that by no means does the popular theory clearly explain accumulation of the sedimentary crust in the form and arrangement in which we now find it.
After reviewing contradictions inherent in the orthodox the-earth’s sedimentary crust
ory of sedimentary crust origin, it would seem that students have clung to the theory only because no other source has been conceived. An alternate and more credible source will be clearly disclosed if we but give study to how some of Earth’s physical characteristics may logically be thought to have evolved.
Components of Primordial Atmosphere
As noted in our study of oceanic mysteries, geologists and physicists admit that when Earth was igneous, all water now upon and within it was vaporized and repelled to space above. If the primitive, igneous Earth nucleous had been merely hot enough to vaporize water alone, then the primitive atmosphere would have contained little besides water vapor; but we know the Earth was immensely hotter than that, hence its primordial atmosphere must have contained vapors of whatever other minerals were volatilized by the tremendous heat; and it indubitably follows that just as surely as hot vapors can contain more mineral matter than cold ones, when the core and atmosphere cooled, the mineral vapors condensed and eventually descended as precipitates from that atmosphere.
Earlier in our studies we looked up at the cloudy shroud which obscures Jupiter’s core, and we concluded it must contain many elements and compounds. We reasoned that gravital forces in due time will compel those minerals to descend to Jupiter’s surface. We concluded that some day those minerals will contribute to a stratified, “sedimentary” supercrust covering an older, igneous Jovian core. Accordingly, there seems to be great support for the supposition that much mineral matter in Earth’s supercrust came originally from a similar atmospheric shroud.
If, as geologists insist, it were true that all water descended as soon as cooling of the igneous crust had progressed sufficiently to permit water to remain, it would likewise be true that all other volatilized elements and compounds in the primitive atmosphere also descended in their entirety as soon as heat ceased to keep them suspended. Had this happened, the precipitates would have been deposited upon the igneous crust, not in distinct beds of differing substances as we find them, but in one vast homogeneous mass, many thousands of feet deep. Had this occurred, all subsequent beds would have had to be extracted from that homogeneous mass. How, then, could the many different mineral elements and compounds have been separately extracted, separately transported and separately deposited in distinct, individual beds as is so characteristic, worldwide, of sedimentary strata?
Minerals Descended Intermittently
From our previous studies does it not seem more probable that the various components of the primitive atmosphere, including water and other minerals it contained, instead of descending in one grand installment, condensed, lost momentum and descended intermittently over the ages, in many increments more or less in accord with their respective weights and volatilities? Such a conclusion cannot be lightly dismissed as fantasy when there is clear, definite, logical support for it in conditions distinctly visible on at least two, if not four, of the superior planets. Looking at those planets, how can we possibly escape the conclusion that much of the elements and compounds now found in Earth’s sedimentary supercrust was precipitated from a primitive atmosphere which continued to revolve in space above until long after the igneous crust had hardened. How can we doubt that much of the supercrust is not the child of an older igneous crust—a subcrust—which is still mostly buried by the supercrust and thus sealed from weathering and erosive agencies.
After much of the mineral matter in the supercrust was thus originally deposited more or less in separate, segregated aggregations of differing constituents, the processes of weathering, erosion, leaching, transport and redeposition began and continues to this day. All principles of leaching, weathering, erosion, transportation and sedimentation involved in the theory that the sedimentary crust derived originally from igneous rocks apply just as precisely to the above alternate theory of origin, with the very significant exception that repeated illogical uplifts and subsidences of lands and ocean floors are not required to be assumed. The process of decay, erosion and transport operated synchronously, world-wide, in most areas, upon sedimentary rocks already at hand. Thus, today there are areas where complete ablation of former sediments has eventuated. There are other areas where original sedimentary strata have been only slightly eroded and which therefore remain much as they were when precipitated from aloft. While the greater part of mineral matter contained in the primordial atmosphere very probably was precipitated to Earth far, far back back in pre-geologic eons, soon after the igneous crust had hardened, there is evidence that remnants of that primordial atmosphere (certainly remnants of water, as we shall later see) descended to Earth very recently, even within historical time.
The foregoing alternate concept of origin explains many anomalies inherent in the theory that all sedimentary deposits accrued from decay of the Archean crystalline crust. Certainly the concept derives strong support from conditions clearly visible on other planets. It cannot be lightly dismissed as pure fantasy in view of that supporting testimony. It is evident that man has utterly failed to comprehend apparent lessons taught by those visible planetary conditions. Lessons they teach are the very heart of the theory we have been exploring. The theory cannot be refuted unless and until the assumptions suggested by conditions existing on the planets are proven false.
- Other mysteries solved