This frozen soil often contains strata of clear, blue ice between strata of frozen glacial till and boulder clay. At the very bottom of them all, lying on bed rock, is found the placer gold of Alaska and Siberia. Obviously the perma-frost accumulated from the bottom upward—not by freezing from the top downward. In some areas there are no evidences of former highlands from which sediments could have been eroded and transported to the areas of perma-frost. In the foregoing facts there are implications that perma-frost may be connected with glaciation, and perhaps with fall of gold and other mineral matter from a primordial atmosphere.
Changes in Life Forms
We have previously given an explanation of the enigma which scientists have never been able to solve, namely, how and why could temperate climate extend to within both polar circles. Scientists have been mystified by the fact of sudden disappearance of abundant life forms of air, sea and land. Sudden catastrophic deluges of chilling rain, snow and ice alone can explain such destruction of life and consequent termination of various “ages” which Earth has experienced. In contemplating the deluges of ice and snow which built the ice sheets on land, one visualizes tremendous quantities of snow and ice falling into and chilling ocean waters contiguous to lands which were being glaciated.
Quadral Sequence of Events
Sir Charles Lyell called attention to the fact that climatic change, extermination of species and change in level of the ocean were a triplicity of terrestrial changes which always occurred in that sequence. To these he should have added a fourth change. In accord with what we have learned in preceding studies, the order of occurrence, with the fourth change added, would be as follows: First came glaciation of land and rise of ocean level as the result of downpours of frozen and liquid water. Next came sudden lowering of climatic temperature, including lowering of temperature of ocean water. Third came destruction of species of life due to the two preceding events. Fourth • came orogenic crustal plications characteristically adjacent to and parallel with oceanic margins of continental platforms, caused by increased loads upon ocean floors and necessitating uplift of sialic areas to maintain isostatic equilibrium.
The foregoing remarkable repetition of quadruple related events is clearly explained by the fall of successive increments of primordial aqueous and other mineral matter emanating from vast stores gathered in space above during the inveterate heat of Earth’s formative, igneous eras. Consequent imposition of additional burdens of water, minerals and sediments upon ocean floors created resistless uplift forces directed shoreward and caused crustal upheavals along continental margins following at least the major downfalls.
Evidence of Terrific Erosion
It has been estimated that if Earth were a perfectly smooth ball, there is sufficient water in its hydrosphere to submerge it to a depth of some 10,000 feet. This would be enough water for 500 deluges, each flooding the entire surface of the globe to a depth of twenty feet! According to the theory that within geological time increments of primordial water descended from extra-terrestrial space above, it certainly is not illogical to assume that floods of that or even greater magnitude occurred on numerous occasions. It would not take many such deluges to account for tremendous and violent erosions and transport of crustal materials which clearly have taken place. No longer need we wonder how millions of huge valleys and canyons all over the globe, with vegetation-covered slopes, could possibly have been carved by run-off of mere rains in the case of dry valleys, or by puny little creeks occupying others. In many, many areas all over the globe, crustal material to depths of hundreds, even thousands of feet has been removed from hundreds of thousands of square miles and carried to the seas or deposited in inland basins. Much of this material was of recent age. Surely such enormous degradation could have been so quickly accomplished only by downpours and floods many times greater than those occurring today—downpours which would be measured in fathoms instead of inches! In accord with this thought, it would seem possible that degradation may have progressed more rapidly and present distribution of crustal materials may have developed more recently than has been commonly believed.
- The true origin of ice ages
- Earth’s sedimentary crust