CHAPTER 5

First experiments with RADAR EMP revealed that plasma density and concentration were necessary for the production of strong EMP effects. Who could have supposed that it would be possible to simulate what Nature was forever doing to shortwave transmissions? Those who were familiar with the problems of such wave radio systems and the devious distortions played on them by ionospheric winds, were called into the study program. The use of existing RADAR power alone proved incapable of effecting the highly deranged, high density conditions required before EMP effects made their appearance. But now, how to synthetically create such ionization states? In attempts to assist the process, several different schemes were tested. These tests were very much in the public eye, being the subject of intense popular attentions and discussions.

PROJECT WESTFORD (1962) employed a payload of some 350,000 short copper wires. Once in orbit, the payload was designed to burst and spill out the wire cargo. Distributed in orbit, the wires were to form a metallic veil. This veil could be used as a resonant target for ground based pulsed RADAR beams. The idea was to limit the required amount of beam wattage and increase the attainable ionization states. Loudly proclaimed by Network Media as a means for establishing television communications across the ocean. In order to justify and rationalize this ridiculous cover story, military personnel had MTT bounce a television signal off the layer. The horribly distorted images appeared in every major newspaper the very next day. This supposed precursor to orbital communications satellites was nothing of the kind. In fact, the test was a dismal and much derided failure. The wires clumped together and never dispersed as intended. PROJECT WESTFORD did establish a precedent along a specific trend of thought which the military did not abandon.

A new regime of methods was developed to produce high plasma conductivity and density before application of the RADAR pulse. Aerobee rockets with chemical payloads were launched into the ionosphere. The concentrated solutions were exploded at specific aerial sites, where they dispersed. School children were directed by Media to watch the night skies for the pretty glowing color blooms. These colorful clouds of barium, strontium, lithium, and caesium salts behaved as absorptive RADAR focal points. Such chemical clouds proved stable, the dynamic ionosphere rapidly dispersing the initial cloud concentrations along the assigned geomagnetic route in a steady stream. Despite these cloud-assisted effects, the more prominent phenomena concentrated themselves as communications blackouts.

Thus, the success of the super highpower RADAR wave tests remained in demonstrating that a potent and long lasting communications “blackout” period could be arranged when needed. In this deft exercise of electronic warfare, one could at least waste an enemy’s reliance on the natural continuum for communications. And here is precisely where the excessive research attentions refocused. Every available geophysicist and RADAR engineer was called in to develop this new breed of jamming technology. And in this new awareness came a sudden liberation in thought process, one which began to show a bit more promise in the quest to create a new and nonnuclear weaponry. It was here that military vision began to appreciate the possibility that an entirely new regime of electronic weapons might be the key to their quest. The military directed its efforts to this singular tactical advantage, perfecting the skill. Though RADAR induced EMP did not produce the degree and intensity of effects achieved through NUCLEAR EMP, it nonetheless demonstrated a theoretical departure from the cage into which geopolitical power had maneuvered itself.

FIXATIONS

But the new and radical thought departure, while enlightening and motivating the engineering and military mindset in every way, was not a complete liberation from the real crux of their problem. The radiowave systems which Marconi developed, and passed onto the world at large, produced a legacy of such disappointments and frustrations. Convinced that only higher frequency alternations could actually “radiate” into space, engineers were continually finding themselves unable to “decipher” the Tesla puzzle. But the potent and penetrating Radiant Energy beams of Tesla were derived from a natural force which could never be suspected; a fact which characterizes the very greatest and most fundamentally revolutionary discoveries. Inherently inferior in comparison to the Radiant Energy systems of Tesla, the science of Maxwell, Hertz, and Marconi influenced academic thought and engineering research along a constrained horizon. It was this binding influence, this constraint on the once free and imaginative process of Victorian scientific inquiry, which has been lost as a direct result. Incapable of recognizing or even postulating the existence of another energy continuum besides those enunciated by the Marconi-compromised convention, not one major finding managed to break away from the little, tightly fixated orbit of wave radio. The waves, however short, however potent, remained waves. Inferior technology.

It was said by those who witnessed his demonstrations that Tesla beamray systems were able to project their sometimes visible white streams directly through the ionosphere without resistance. How did he achieve this condition? RADAR wave energies were only superhigh frequency alternations. They succeed only in agitating the ionospheric plasma. But Tesla was operating in another realm altogether, one which plumbed the aether and not the upper ionized atmosphere. Ultimately, the requirements for achieving RADAR EMP required excessive power volumes, those which were well beyond the capabilities of even the most potent MultiGigawatt Magnetron RADAR wave systems available. The problem was one so fundamental that highly trained engineers, ever so schooled in the conventional paradigms of Maxwell, found themselves trapped in a maze of constraints.