The echoes were always strong, clear, and coherent. Considering the speed of radiowave propagation, these shortwave echoes required that signals were being launched along tremendous arcs through interplanetary space. A signal path of 12 light-seconds is a path exceeding 84 earth circumferences. The distances represented here are truly astronomical, requiring a reflective layer averaging some 6 times further away than the moon! But there were complications to the notion that this was a fixed reflective shell which the signals had managed to reach. The successive testing of the LDE (Long Delay Echo) effect did not produce clock-consistent results. Echoes returned at varied intervals, always longer than 3 seconds, but not always of the same interval. These experiments were conducted with some consistence within a small period of time, so it is unlikely that the “shell” notion would represent a viable model. No reflective shell could vary its concentrated density that much to produce such echo-variations.
Where did these signals go, and how did they return with such strength, clarity, and coherence? Were they somehow “stored” within the geomagnetic field, launched along such a line and stored in an interplanetary plasma? An auroral plasma? Each instance of the effect required a north polar proximity, locations which placed the transmitters in that zone where geomagnetic field lines emerge from the ground and depart toward deeper space. Such is not the case at lower latitudes, where the geomagnetic field lines are nearly parallel with respect to the ground surface. Extraordinary radiowave signals launched from an equatorial city might take a circumferential orbit, requiring perhaps one or two tenths of a second to “echo-return”. But the phenomenon of signal storage is an important one to the devising of modern means for an experimental derivation of auroral energy.
There have been accidental instances in which applied radio “pumping action” has actively influenced the aurora itself. The action begins when a high latitude radio station of very moderate power is broadcasting during an auroral condition. Each alternation from the station carrier exerts a strong deforming action on the aurora. Passing overhead like a band across the sky, these deformations produce a “bunching action” in the auroral body, not unlike that action which occurs in Klystron Tubes (see CHAPTER 5). VLF stations often displayed peculiar amplifying phenomena, where applied signals were mysteriously strengthened by an unknown energetic source. These amplifications always occurred when VLF transmissions were “immersed” in auroral activity, the obvious effects of solar-derived pressures. VLF modulation is regularly exercised between poles, where VLF signals at Siple Station, Antarctica creates audio disturbances at Roberval, Quebec (Brett).
Transmitter impacts are stored in this plasma, the successions reappearing over the transmitter sites within a given period of time. The auroral clustres maintain their relative disposition as they pass overhead. Signals thus directed to the auroral ring current, are stored there as charge clustres. The auroral electrojet is a hypersonic plasma body which travels around the pole with regularity. These successive returns over the station offer an opportunity for energy absorption. These deformations will grow with continued carrier pumping action. Each deformation is stored in the auroral electrojet. As this rapidly advancing auroral plasma streams repeatedly over the station, successive previous deformations reappear. These deformations can be distorted to the point that the auroral streamers can actually and forcibly be drawn down to the transmitter. The literal “drawing down” of the aurora requires a repetitive application of force with the overhead appearance of each previous deformation, each previous clustre. When sufficient deformations are applied with periodicity, auroral streamers can touch ground. It is at this point that usable power may be drawn from the aurora.
Once a significant deformation in the auroral electrojet has been stimulated, the very pressure of the solar wind exaggerates the deformation. The clustre is pushed down to a lower altitude. If a significant succession of these is applied to the auroral ring current, then energetic streaming toward the ground will continue. Absorbing incoming energy, absorbing incoming momentum from the solar wind, these travelling waves feel an enormous pressure which drives them groundward. If each radio pulse draws the electrojet down in successions, and if the “pull” frequency is timed just right, then the auroral current will begin flowing groundward. In their rapid orbit about the geomagnetic pole, the deformations fall into a literal tornadic stream toward the transmitter. This amplification effect continues until “contact” is made between the auroral stream and the transmitter site. Once contact is made, once charges begin streaming down from the auroral ring current, the transmitter site becomes recipient of an avalanche phenomenon which grows in magnitude beyond imaginable bounds. This dynamic MHD phenomenon is one in which applied wave radio forces are stored as charge clustres in a fluidic stream until a steady leakage has been achieved. The solar wind then “blows through” this leakage zone, providing an endless and incalculable current.
Early wireless operators and shortwave aficionadi had long observed the “fading” and “swinging” of strong radio signals because of undetermined natural variables. In certain strange cases of signal “swinging” or fading, stations were modulated by other, much smaller transmitters. Later investigation proved that these stations were conjugately aligned near the Arctic Circle. These furtive activities have been well documented in old radio journals. It was believed that the phenomenon could be used for the derivation of enormous energies directly from the auroral electrojet. Sounds impossible?
This very effect has been responsible for the several radio modulation phenomena which are completely reliant on the fluidic auroral ring current for their effect. The effect occurs in the northern latitudes. Because of auroral “immersion”, small radio stations have accidentally modulated the transmissions of much larger stations at great distances. Widely spaced along the same latitude lines, completely opposite in power output, and widely divergent in operating frequencies, two such transmitters will appear to have “superimposed” their signals. What has occurred is a simple result of force application from the weak transmitter, to a mobile auroral fluid which contains the signals of the much larger transmitter. The smaller transmitter, usually never heard beyond a few miles distance, exercises a “valving action” on the auroral fluid. As a result, one hears the stronger signals with the weaker transmitter signal superimposed.
- CHAPTER 6
- CHAPTER 8