Examination of early photophone and radiophone patents suggested communications diversity in several distinct spectra. The notion of communicating along an X-Ray beam at first presents a bizarre impression. Yet one finds that the plausible use of modulated X-Ray sources is not without merit Any sufficiently powerful X-Ray beam will pass, unhindered through most materials. The passage of such a beam through the entire volume of a column, from orbit to ground, or from deep-sea to orbit is not therefore so impossible. In addition, X-Ray beams can and do penetrate sea water, and are also capable of reaching certain submerged vessels without difficulty. Furthermore, there is no known way to “jam” such beams, cannot be blocked by variable weather conditions, and do not rely upon the ionosphere for long range propagation. While these considerations seem to be pure fantasy, more like science fiction, one is shocked and amazed to find a sizable patent bibliography in the art.
The “Communication System” (DeLoraine, 1947) describes a complete Gamma Ray communications system, one by which vocal signals may be transmitted over a Gamma Ray beam, received at a great distance, and accurately reproduced with great definition and clarity. The system uses a Gamma Ray emitting isotope, mounted on a fine wire in a resonant cavity. Applications of vocal energy through magnetic fields so vibrate this wire as to produce corresponding vibrations in the source material. This produces measurable variations in the Gamma Ray emission, a variation which is transmitted a s a disturbance along the beam. A high pressure Argon gas ionization chamber is used to demodulate the Gamma Ray fluctuations. The high pressure receiving tube behaves much like a miniature spark chamber, relying on the gaseous discharge currents which are stimulated between a great number of close-spaced charged capacitor plates. These discharges vary with the incoming Gamma Ray variations, and resolve the beam fluctuations into clarified vocal signals. The “Space Communications System” (H. R. Chope, 1961) uses electrostatic or magnetic fields to modulate emanations from radioisotopes, such as Strontium-90 or Krypton-85. These emanations are directed to special targets, whereupon they become a very penetrating beam of hard X-Rays. This beam is intelligently modulated to carry coded or vocal information, and is designed to provide secure-communications between space stations and ground command, as well as among space craft (see figure).
While there exist numerous X-Ray radiophones and communications patents, most of the Cold War designs which hold our interest are those which engage and modulate Gamma Ray beams. A great many of these devices flood the declassified patent archives. It is probable that a great many more remain yet classified. The engineering problems associated with the concept of modulating a Gamma Ray source is enormous, only if we accept that view which supposes the immutability of radioactive half-life and the unchangeable nature of radioactive materials. Indeed, ordinary Gamma Ray sources cannot be “turned off and on” like switches. Their radioactive emissions remain constant.
The numerous patents which describe means for producing a pulse coded Gamma Ray beam represent an important first engineering dialogue on the use of Gamma Ray carriers. These systems employed rapid shutters by which otherwise constant Gamma emanations could be gated. Each of these shuttered systems provided a lightweight communications system having inherent code-signal limitations. The advent of LASER technology provided the very first intimation that Gamma Ray modulations might actually carry vocal intelligence. Apparatus in which the modulated generation of Gamma Rays was stimulated through applied signal energies provided a means by which such radiations could be modulated at the very instant of their formation. Not limited to the use of constant Gamma Ray sources, not by isotopic sources, the Gamma Ray LASERS tested well in these communications channels. Each such system produces modulated Gamma Ray beams. By far the most remarkable of these patents must include the “Coherent Gamma Ray Emitter” (J. W. Eerkens, 1966) which uses long classified aspects of the otherwise well-known Mossbauer Effect to achieve the unexpected. This system achieves a powerful modulation of coherent Gamma Radiations capable of carrying vocal signals by actually forcing certain isotopes to radiate Gamma Radiation in smooth coherent modulations.
Both the phase modulation of Mossbauer Gamma Ray emissions, and the resonant absorption of the same in identical isotopes, permits a new form of communication never before conceived in realms of the art. Except for the excessive hazards associated with the quantum continuum so engaged, the potential of a Gamma Ray Communications system is virtually unlimited. There are those radiation imaging systems by which static images and printed data may be coded, scanned, transmitted along a Gamma Ray beam, received, and resolved at the reception site. Indeed one finds X-Ray video scanners by which even live video images can be converted into modulated X and Gamma Ray beams, decoded in receivers, and converted into live images. The “Display Device” (R. D. Kell, 1960) is an electrified imaging system which converts X-Ray beams into visual images. The “Radiation Modulation Apparatus” (R. S.Jensen, 1973) is a LASER scanning technology which can modulate X-Ray energies with video information. Each of these are weak analogues of the Teslian Televisual System.
Of all the coherent species. Gamma Ray beams may be excessively thin in cross-section while maintaining their power. Coherent Gamma Ray beams do not de-cohere with greatest distance, neither are they capable of being disturbed by material interruption. Gamma Rays are neutral particles. Neutral particle beam communications are never subject to natural interference, and cannot be artificially jammed. The only manner by which a Gamma Ray signal may be interrupted or distorted is by directed volleys of equivalent radiation, and that would be an excessive nuclear exposition. A highly directed and continuous Gamma Ray beam would indeed disrupt such a communications channel, but this would constitute an act of var. Gamma Rays are highly directional and can be of minute cross section. It is possible to maintain the tightest control on Gamma Ray beams, directing their threadlike channels between ground and space points without the slightest divergence. Gamma Ray beams maintain their collimation across incredible distances. Most important, these penetrating rays easily pass through halls, walls, waters, and clouds. Deeply submerged vessels can, by Gamma Ray communications links, communicate directly with an orbital relay station. No depth of seawater can adequately hinder or distort Gamma Rays.
- CHAPTER 7