Radiant Energy

Extracts from the notes made in 1918 follow, although they may in a way repeat what has already been given, but are repeated in order not to break the line of thought.

I fully realize that whatever the difficulties in discovering new truths, there are still greater difficulties in getting them recognized, for as Mark Twain said, “It takes twenty years to get a new idea fixed in the human mind,” and I should be armed with scant philosophy if I remained for long surprised at the attacks of some, or the exasperation of a certain number of worthy people, and at the silence of the greater number of scholars, who have heard of my experiments.

Heat, light, etc., are not things in themselves, but sensations or effects produced by radiant energy directly or indirectly.

We speak of generating electricity: To be exact, we only transfer it from one place to another (pump it, if you please). We cannot generate it because we can neither create nor destroy it. After we have used it to light our homes or do other work, it is like water over the wheel—no less water, only the lowering of potential. The electricity has only sunk back from whence it came, ready and waiting for nature or man to raise its potential, when it again is ready to do man’s bidding, or in other words in the evolution of energy it sinks back from whence it came as it is naturally very slowly but steadily being liberated from the ether. Man may by proper means make the process of liberation rapid rather than the natural slow way of nature.

I fully realize elements maintain an equilibrium by rotations, attractions and repulsions, but this does not interfere with a transformation of equilibrium, which when the transformations of equilibrium are rapid enough become heat, light and electricity, or matter is turning into energy and energy into matter.

There can be no production of current electricity without an interruption of equilibrium. Whatever the quantity of electricity it will produce no energy if there is no disturbance of equilibrium, that is to say change of potential or electrical level.

When one thinks of the oxygen and nitrogen molecules of the air all about us moving with the speed of bullets and striking us and everything with this speed, one can form some idea of the agitation taking place in the Universe. The oscillations of the Universe are a part of this agitation, although some of them are from .06 to .01 Angstrom units and shorter, they may be made to do the bidding of man.

The oscillations of these electrons, protons, etc., out there in space are emitting electromagnetic waves of many wave lengths and frequencies. In the Moray device we have one frequency on the high voltage or primary side, and for commercial purposes, the device is so constructed that the frequency is very much lower on the secondary side.

I will now go on to the account promised above on the back-rush effect of condensers and electromagnetic radiation.

But first let me state that all radiant energy is now believed to possess mass or something equivalent to it. Mass and radiant energy are even considered to be interchangeable. I am convinced it is active radiations produced in nature’s cyclotrons by the evolution of matter into energy and energy into matter.

Ether demanded by Electric Phenomena—an Electric Charge a Charge ot Energy and an Electric Current a Flow of Energy: To account for the propagation of heat and light and other radiant energy—we have postulated the existence of a medium filling all space. But the transference of the energy of radiant heat and light is not the only evidence we have in favor of the existence of such a medium. Electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic phenomena (and gravitation itself) point in the same direction to gamma rays and the splitting of the atom by nature, the evolution of matter and the evolution of forces, or, in other words, matter turning into energy and energy into matter.

It is a matter of common observation that attractions and repulsions take place between electrified bodies, magnets, and circuits conveying electric currents. Large masses may be set in motion in this manner and acquire kinetic energy. If an electric current be started in any circuit, corresponding induced currents spring up in all neighboring conductors; yet there is no visible connection between the circuit and the conductors. To originate a current in any conductor requires the expenditure of energy. How then is the energy propagated from the circuit to the conductors? If we believe in the continuity of the propagation of energy—that is, if we believe that when it disappears at one place and reappears at another, it must have passed through the intervening space, and therefore have existed there somehow in the meantime—we are forced to postulate a Universe filled with matter and energy.

When a body is electrified, what we must first observe is that a certain amount of energy has been spent; work has been done, and the result is the electrified state of the body. The process of electrifying a conductor is therefore the storing of energy in some way in, or around, the conductor in some medium. The work is spent in altering the state of the medium, and when the body is discharged the medium returns to its original state, and the store of energy is involved. Similarly a supply of energy is required to maintain an electric current, and the phenomena arising from the current are manifestations of the presence of this energy in the medium around the circuit. Formerly an electrified body was supposed to have something called electricity residing upon it which caused the electrical phenomena, and an electric current was regarded as a flow of electi-icity travelling along the wire, while the energy which appeared at any part of the circuit (if considered at all) was supposed to have been conveyed along the wire by the current. The existence of induction, however, and electromagnetic actions between bodies situated at a distance from each other, lead us to look upon the medium around the conductors as playing a very important part in the development of the phenomena. It is, in fact, the storehouse of the energy.