SO WE accredit the existence of oceans once whirling in the skies, attested by philology and folklore, and confirmed by geological physics.
The most eminent scientists agree that the great mass of swaddling vapors in the primitive atmosphere were driven at least 200,000 miles from the earth. Others claim that the earth’s vaporous atmosphere during the igneous era, embraced the orbit of the moon within its boundaries. It must be remembered that all the carbon in the great encasement of aqueous rocks, the vast oceans of oxygen now contained in the silicates, sulphates, carbonates, and oxides of the crust, as well as the nitrogen and hydrogen in numerouscompounds, enormously swelled its volume. A modern chemist speaking from his laboratory makes the claim that if that atmosphere pressed on the earth’s surface in proportion to its depth as ours does today, unaffected by repelling heat, it would be equal to a column of mercury more than 22,000 Inches high.
We do not claim 200,000 miles atmosphere as the depth, however, but base our calculations on a depth of only 100,000 miles. With this depth it is easy to prove beyond a doubt that a mighty fund of vapors continued to revolve for an unknown time about the earth. It is today a favorite theme of astronomers which I have mentioned that during the igneous era the earth rotated in a period of only three or four hours. If this were true, the probability that the matter in the primeval belts was held suspended, is increased from six to eight fold. However, we use only that rate of rotation that everyone knows to be correct: one rotation in every twenty-four hours. The data then are: a primeval atmosphere admitted on all sides to be 100,-000 miles deep, and a known velocity of once in twenty-four hours.
With this rate of rotation we also know that the velocity of any point on the equator of the earth was about 1,000 miles per hour, while the equatorial momentum of the great vaporous atmosphere moved with an actual velocity of more than 25,000 miles per hour. If the atmosphere were 100,000 miles deep, and the earth 8,000 miles in diameter approximately, the diameter of the aqueous sphere would be 208,000 miles and the circumference a little more than three times that, or about 624,000 miles.
The simple conclusion drawn from this is, that a ton of matter at or near the equator would have a momentum of 1,000 tons in the rotating mass, while a ton of vapor or other matter on the boundary of the stratosphere would have a moving energy of 25,000 tons. Suppose the former were placed ten miles above the surface of the earth, and the latter brought down to the same position. The former with a velocity of 1,000 miles per hour would immediately fall to the earth, while the latter would rise and revolve around the earth as a satellite.
The mass possessing 25,000 tons of moving energy must lose 8,000 tons of that moving force before it would, or could, reach the earth, for it is a well-known fact that anybody moving around the earth at a rate of more than 17,000 miles an hour can never fall to its surface, and a ton moving at that rate would possess 17,000 tons of momentum.
It therefore becomes a fact that if that momentum were increased to 25,000 tons, or a velocity of 25,000 miles per hour, it would rise and revolve in its appropriate orbit about the earth, and never until its velocity became diminished to about 17,000 miles per hour could it reach the surface of the earth. It could make no difference whether a body be a ton of stone or a ton of aqueous vapor, it would continue to move around the earth so long as, the centrifugal force exceeded the gravitational force.
What then must have been the condition of those materials that formed the upper and lower stratum of that great atmosphere after the earth became cool and the atmosphere shrank to near its present dimensions, and all the aqueous and telluric matter to the height of 20,000 or 30,000 miles had fallen to the earth? These must have been vast oceans, even if Holy Writ and folklore, plus philology, did not attest to them, possessing a velocity that prevented their descent, and which continued to move around the earth at a height of about 17,000 miles.
Hence we have an absolute demonstration that anybody in our present atmosphere, or in the great primeval atmosphere, or at any point above the earth, moving at the rate of 25,000, or 20,000, or even 17,500 miles per hour around it, could not fall upon its surface.
Rings once formed about the earth after the lapse of countless millions of years, cannot collapse in a day. They must lose their momentum with a steadiness as invariable as the flood of ages.
It has happened in the evolution of all planets, whether it be Sun, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Arcturus, Sirius or Alcyone. These cosmic rings that gradually veered off from the wheel-rim equator and came down in vaporous or aqueous states, precipitated with them the tremendous quantities of dusts and metals that formed the earth’s crust when cooled. It makes no difference whether a ton of lead or a ton of feathers falls, both are tonnage—whether they make a stupendous dent as big as the Pacific Ocean’s cup, or waft down gently and spread over an area as vast as the carboniferous fern fields. Whenever we get such a tremendous drop of telluric material we have a core that is increased in size and therefore in specific gravity.
It is scientifically and mathematically demonstrable that such a condition once prevailed on earth, and it opens the Bible significance like a stupendous floodlight turned on dark mystery.
You recall too, that in Holy Writ, it states that after God had made the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night, He made the stars also. In other words, stars were perceptible to humankind’s vision before the moon or the sun. And under the foregoing hypothesis, that too is understandable.